About COP23 – Bonn, 2017
COP23 is the informal name for the 23rd Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The UNFCCC was adopted in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit, which marked the beginning of the international community’s first concerted effort to confront the problem of climate change. Known also as the Rio Convention, the UNFCCC established a framework for action to stabilise concentrations of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere. The UNFCCC entered into force in 1994, and nearly all of the world’s nations—a total of 195—have now signed on.
Each year the parties to the agreement convene to assess progress in implementing the convention and, more broadly, dealing with climate change. The first Conference of the Parties was held in Berlin in 1995. In 1997, the participants established the Kyoto Protocol, which included legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Since 2005 the Conferences have carried another name: CMP. This stands for Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, and so COP23 will also be known as CMP13.
At COP21, held in Paris in November-December 2015, the parties negotiated what is known as the Paris Agreement, which established specific actions and targets for reducing greenhouse gases emissions, mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change, and financing mitigation and adaptation efforts in developing countries. The agreement took effect nearly a year later. Signatory countries agreed to work to limit global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius and to make strong efforts to keep the rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The Paris Agreement is especially significant because it is a legally binding agreement.
Fiji presided over COP23 in Bonn with the support of the government of Germany. COP23 took place in Bonn, Germany, from 6-17 November.
COP23 in Bonn: Setting the Rules of the Climate Game
SD Talks Special Series on Climate Action
Organised by the UNSSC Knowledge Centre for Sustainable Development in partnership with UN Climate Change, a SD Talks Special Series on Climate Action webinar on the topic ‘COP23 in Bonn: Setting the Rules of the Climate Game’ took place on 27 September 2017. This webinar explained the milestones and key challenges that lie ahead of COP23.
The webinar featured Ambassador Nazhat Shameem Khan, Chief Negotiator for the COP23 Presidency, State Secretary Jochen Flasbarth, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety, and Halldór Thorgeirsson, Senior Director of Intergovernmental Affairs at UN Climate Change. At the end of the discussion, participants had the opportunity to ask their questions directly to the speakers during the live Q&A session.
To view the webinar, click here.
To download the presentation, click here.